White collar defense is a specialized sub-set of criminal defense. In general, white collar defense refers to prosecutions involving allegations of fraud, regulatory violations such as environmental crimes, health care law violations, election crimes, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act offenses, cybercrime, copyright infringement, money laundering, embezzlement (18 U.S.C. §§ 641- 669), bankruptcy fraud, identity theft, insider trading, and other cases involving investments and/or businesses. The Federal Bureau of Investigations maintains a list of recent white collar cases here: http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/story-index/white-collar-crime and keeps their own definition of white collar crime here: http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/white_collar. This article is by no means a complete examination of white collar defense, but is instead an overview of certain issues. Each case and every situation requires a different focus and will result in different decisions. Every case will require more research and focus than this article offers.
Because white collar defense often involves highly regulated and technical conduct these cases often require expertise in narrow areas of law, such as tax law, health care law, and environmental law. Also, the defense of white collar cases can require knowledge of the industry or business in question. Thus, white collar defense may require experts with specialized knowledge to assist in the preparation of the defense.
We have described various issues and white collar scenarios on pages attached to this page:
White Collar Crime and Intent
Conspiracy and Vicarious Liability in White Collar Cases
Some Defenses to White Collar Charges
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